Camera calibration

Hello everyone,

I am new for opencv and i want to calibrate my cam. I use the below code and find the matrix points and other datas. But i don’t know how to use this data to calibrate my cam on my project.

usb industrial cam

#!/usr/bin/env python

import cv2
import numpy as np
import os
import glob

# Defining the dimensions of checkerboard
criteria = (cv2.TERM_CRITERIA_EPS + cv2.TERM_CRITERIA_MAX_ITER, 30, 0.001)

# Creating vector to store vectors of 3D points for each checkerboard image
objpoints = []
# Creating vector to store vectors of 2D points for each checkerboard image
imgpoints = [] 

# Defining the world coordinates for 3D points
objp = np.zeros((1, CHECKERBOARD[0] * CHECKERBOARD[1], 3), np.float32)
objp[0,:,:2] = np.mgrid[0:CHECKERBOARD[0], 0:CHECKERBOARD[1]].T.reshape(-1, 2)
prev_img_shape = None

# Extracting path of individual image stored in a given directory
images = glob.glob('*.jpg')
for fname in images:
    img = cv2.imread(fname)
    gray = cv2.cvtColor(img,cv2.COLOR_BGR2GRAY)
    # Find the chess board corners
    # If desired number of corners are found in the image then ret = true
    ret, corners = cv2.findChessboardCorners(gray, CHECKERBOARD, cv2.CALIB_CB_ADAPTIVE_THRESH + cv2.CALIB_CB_FAST_CHECK + cv2.CALIB_CB_NORMALIZE_IMAGE)
    If desired number of corner are detected,
    we refine the pixel coordinates and display 
    them on the images of checker board
    if ret == True:
        # refining pixel coordinates for given 2d points.
        corners2 = cv2.cornerSubPix(gray, corners, (11,11),(-1,-1), criteria)

        # Draw and display the corners
        img = cv2.drawChessboardCorners(img, CHECKERBOARD, corners2, ret)


h,w = img.shape[:2]

Performing camera calibration by 
passing the value of known 3D points (objpoints)
and corresponding pixel coordinates of the 
detected corners (imgpoints)
ret, mtx, dist, rvecs, tvecs = cv2.calibrateCamera(objpoints, imgpoints, gray.shape[::-1], None, None)

print("Camera matrix : \n")
print("dist : \n")
print("rvecs : \n")
print("tvecs : \n")

Hi @sert

You’ll need mtx and dist from cv2.calibrateCamera(...)

mtx is the intrinsic matrix (aka calibration matrix or camera matrix) and dist is an array of distortion parameters. This tutorial explains both.

Many OpenCV functions require both or one of them.

So, it is utterly important that you understand what this pair of calibration results are, what they are for, and why and where you need them in your code.

Thank you for your quick reply. I will check the tutorial.